What is a possessive pronoun?

possessive pronoun takes the place of a noun that is known or has been previously mentioned.   At the same time, a possessive pronoun is a word that shows belonging or a relationship of possession.  A possessive pronoun can be used as a subject or an object.  

Statement with Possessive Pronoun

  1. The apple is mine.
  2. These oranges are yours.
  3. Jen and I both have cars.  My car is red.  Hers is blue.
  4. Have you seen Arnold?  These books are his.
  5. The house on the left is ours.
  6. These books are yours?
  7. The skateboards are theirs.


  1. The apple belongs to me.
  2. These oranges belong to you.
  3.  The blue car belongs to Jen.
  4. The books belong to Arnold.
  5. The house belongs to us.
  6.  These books belong to you.
  7. The skateboards belong to them.

There are singular and plural possessive pronouns.  Singular possessive pronouns are: mine, yours, his, and hers.  Plural possessive pronouns are: ours, yours, and theirs.

1st Person Singular

  • This is mine.

2nd Person Singular

  • That is yours.

3rd Person Singular

  • That is his.
  • That is hers.

1st Person Plural

  • These are ours.

2nd Person Plural

  • Those are yours.

3rd Person Plural

  • Those are theirs.

Can a possessive pronoun be a subject?

A possessive pronouns can be used as subject. It is important that both the subject and thing possessed are known (have previously been mentioned).

  • We have apples.   Your apple is sour.   Mine is juicy.
  • You and Pat have bananas.  Pat’s banana is ripe.  Yours is not ripe.
  • Sarah and Sean have new cars.  Her car is expensive.  His is fast.
  • My sister’s baked some cookies.  Mary makes sugar cookiesHers are better.
  • The kids start school soon.  Your kids start next week.  Ours started today.
  • We are writing essays.  Their essays are done.  Yours need a lot of work.
  • Everyone’s shirt got dirty.  Some shirts are drying.  Theirs are in the washing machine.

What is the difference between a possessive adjective and a possessive pronoun?

A possessive adjective modifies a noun by showing a relationship of something or someone to another person or thing.  Possessive adjectives give additional information about an existing noun.

A possessive pronoun is different from a possessive adjective because it takes the place of a the existing noun but at the same assigns possession to that noun. The referent noun (the noun to which the pronoun refers) is usually known.

Possessive Adjective

  1. This book is my book.
  2. This is my book.
  3. These pencils are your pencils.
  4. These are your pencils.
  5. The ball is his ball.
  6. It is his ball.
  7. Her necklace is broken.
  8. It is her necklace.
  9. Those tables are our tables.
  10. Those are our tables.
  11. Their coats are on the bus.
  12. Where are their coats

Possessive Pronoun

  1. This book is mine.
  2. This is mine.
  3. These pencils are yours.
  4. These are yours.
  5. The ball is his.
  6. It is his.
  7. Hers is broken.
  8. It is hers.
  9. Those tables are ours.
  10. Those are ours.
  11. Theirs are on the bus.
  12. Where are theirs

How are possessive pronouns used with questions?

Possessive pronouns are very common in conversations about possession. Once a referent noun has been established, it can be replaced with a possessive pronoun.  Possessive pronouns are common in questions and answers.


  1. Is this notebook mine?
  2. Is that car yours?
  3. Whose kids are they?
  4. Are these your bats?
  5. Are these tools ours?
  6. Which coats are yours?


  1. No, it’s not yours.  The notebook is mine.
  2. No, it’s not mine.
  3. They’re hers.
  4. No, they’re not mine.  The are his.
  5. No, all of the tools are theirs.
  6. These coats are ours.

Basic ESL Workbooks

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Lessons 16-30 Buy
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Lessons 31-45 Buy